How Federal Income Taxes Will Be Different This Year 2020

Just in case you’ve forgotten, the federal income tax return due date is April 25, 2020 and we at UniAmerica Insurance can help you with that. So let us know if you need help filing and we will also educate you on how to get your highest return.


The following are a few changes you should expect this year when it comes to filing your income tax.

1. No individual mandate penalty

Most of the tax code changes took effect in 2018. One exception is the change to the shared responsibility payment,which took effect in 2019.

The shared responsibility payment — commonly referred to as the individual mandate penalty —  applied to people who were required to have health insurance under the Affordable Care Act but who didn’t get coverage and didn’t qualify for an exemption.

If you owed the penalty, it was due when you paid your taxes. But since 2019, there is no longer a penalty. So people who didn’t have health insurance in 2019 will not owe the penalty when they file their taxes in 2020.

2. No alimony deduction

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act change also eliminated the alimony deduction that took effect for tax year 2019 rather than 2018. For divorce and separation agreements made or modified this year or thereafter, alimony payments will not be deductible, says IRS Publication 5307.

So, a spouse who got divorced this year and paid alimony in 2019 cannot write the payments off on a tax return in 2020. That also means that a spouse who got divorced in 2019 and received alimony this year cannot count the payments as income.

3. Higher retirement account contribution limits

In 2019, you also could stash more cash in various types of retirement accounts.

Contributions that you made for tax year 2019 to such accounts — including traditional 401(k) plans and traditional individual retirement accounts (IRAs) — could be deductible on your next tax return.

The 2019 contribution limits include:

  • 401(k) base contribution: $19,000 (up from $18,500 in 2018)
  • 401(k) catch-up contribution (for taxpayers age 50 and older): additional $6,000 (unchanged)
  • IRA base contribution: $6,000 (up from $5,500)
  • IRA catch-up contribution (for taxpayers age 50 and older): additional $1,000 (unchanged)


4. Higher HSA contribution limits

Health savings accounts are another type of tax-advantaged account and its contribution limits generally increase as the years roll along.

The 2019 contribution limits for people who are eligible for an HSA and have the following types of high-deductible health insurance policies are:

  • Self-only coverage: $3,500 (up from $3,450 for 2018)
  • Family coverage: $7,000 (up from $6,900)


5. Higher standard deductions

Standard deductions are somewhat higher for tax year 2019 on account of inflation. The IRS reports that they are:

  • Married filing jointly: $24,400 (up $400 from last year)
  • Married filing separately: $12,200 (up $200)
  • Head of household: $18,350 (up $350)
  • Single: $12,200 (up $200)

The standard deduction reduces the amount of your income that’s subject to federal taxes. So, if a married couple filing a joint tax return are eligible for and choose to take the standard deduction on their 2019 return, they would not be taxed on the first $24,400 of their taxable income from 2019.

6. Higher income brackets

Income tax brackets are also somewhat higher for tax year 2019 than they were for 2018 on account of inflation.

The IRS reports that the tax rates and corresponding income brackets for 2019 are as follows for folks whose tax filing status is single:

  • 37% tax rate: Applies to incomes of more than $510,300
  • 35%: More than $204,100 but not more than $510,300
  • 32%: More than $160,725 but not more than $204,100
  • 24%: More than $84,200 but not more than $160,725
  • 22%: More than $39,475 but not more than $84,200
  • 12%: More than $9,700 but not more than $39,475
  • 10%: $9,700 or less

For complete 2019 tax rate tables for all tax filing statuses, see IRS Revenue Procedure 2018-57.


Let help you with filing your income taxes today!